Immigration appeals statistics

​​The Immigration Appeal Division (IAD) of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) hears appeals on immigration-related matters. There are several types of appeals that are heard by the IAD:

  • Appeals of family class sponsorship applications refused by officials of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
  • Appeals of removal orders made against permanent residents, Convention refugees and other protected persons, and holders of permanent resident visas.
  • Appeals by permanent residents who have been found by an IRCC official outside of Canada not to have fulfilled their residency obligation.
  • Appeals by the Minister of Public Safety of decisions at admissibility hearings by the IRB’s Immigration Division (ID) where the ID made a decision that a person is not inadmissible.

The IAD may allow an appeal and set aside an original decision based on the grounds of an error in law or fact, or of a breach of a principle of natural justice. In certain cases, the IAD may also give special relief on the basis of humanitarian and compassionate considerations, which includes taking into account the best interests of a child directly affected by the decision being appealed to the IAD. In a removal order appeal, the IAD may also give special relief by staying the removal order with conditions. If the IAD does not allow an appeal or stay the removal order made against the appellant, the IAD will dismiss an appeal.

When a stay is made in a removal order appeal, the making of the stay by the IAD allows the appellant to remain in Canada subject to any conditions made by the IAD that it considers necessary, and including any conditions that are required by the law. When a stay is given, the removal order remains in force but its effect is “stayed.” The stay given in a removal order appeal will be reconsidered by the IAD on a certain date, and after re-weighing the relevant factors, the IAD has the option of allowing the appeal and quashing the removal order, dismissing the appeal (which can lead to the enforcement of the removal order by the Canada Border Services Agency and removal of the person from Canada), or extending the stay for a further time period on the same or other conditions. A stay remains in force until it is cancelled by the IAD, and the appeal is allowed or dismissed.

If possible, the IAD wants the appellant and the Minister’s counsel to settle appeals early, without going to a full hearing. The IAD has an Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) process, which offers appellants an opportunity to resolve their case through a mediation-like process. The ADR process involves an in-person meeting that is called an ADR conference. An Early Resolution Officer (ERO), who is an IRB employee, conducts the ADR conference with the Minister’s counsel (representing either IRCC or the Minister of Public Safety) and the appellant and her or his counsel. The ERO facilitates a discussion between the appellant and the Minister in order to try to resolve the appeal. The goal of the conference is to see whether the appeal can be resolved, either by having the Minister consent to allowing the appeal, or having the appellant withdraw his or her appeal.

Statistics Tables

Please note that appeals finalized in a given time period may have been filed in a previous time period. The following tables include all types of appeals filed, including appeals that have been returned to the IAD by the Federal Court, as well as other types of matters heard by the IAD (such as applications to reopen and applications to reinstate).

2020 January to June Appeals by Region​

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2020/06/30​)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National1,30273656636 87 269 1,648 749 2,899
Eastern278
23
134
162
18
64
378
242
725
Central620
32
285
27948100
712
414
1,343
Western404
18
237
19521
105
558
93
831

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2020/06/30​)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National784 0449344602281,081 0 1,705
Eastern150
07581
853
219
0323
Central346
0193
140
3482
449
0792
Western288
0181123
1593
41​3
0590

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2020/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1887210899 1720 244 748505
Eastern60
23
38
41
67
92
242
220
Central94
32
46
34
10696
414
208
Western34
17
24
24
1756
92
77

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2020/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National326197 18910213171663
Eastern67
019
3924
64
0176
Central180
046
105
412
167
0341
Western79
1
32
45
4
586
1
146

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2020/03/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National4 0 24 0 06 0 26
Eastern1
021003
06
Central000000002
Western3003
003
018​

2019 ​Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 4,149 269 2,341 2,069 573 1,186 6,169 781 3,245
Eastern9031035876172343451,783243827
Central1,8371211,0707972334392,5394391,418
Western1,409456846551064021,847991,000

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 2,746 0 1,552 1,026 304 965 3,847 0 2,012
Eastern5230273238902488490393
Central1,21907654331423771,7170902
Western1,0040514355723401,2810717

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 579 269 494 415 175 127 1,211 781 539
Eastern20210322320111076610243252
Central2131211871224320372439186
Western164458492223122999101

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 797 0 278 610 94 92 1,074 0 665
Eastern17208517134203100174
Central402011523948424440328
Western22307820012303200163

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2019/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 27 0 17 18 0 2 37 0 29
Eastern6067011408
Central303300602
Western180880117019

2018 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 4,353 264 2,734 2,004 925 1,483 7,146 761 5,333
Eastern1,069905875534005072,0472201,753
Central1,8681331,3549754405803,3494552,128
Western1,41641793476853961,750861,452

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 2,745 0 1,709 796 364 1,159 4,028 0 3,149
Eastern52602341561053638580720
Central1,23808974052104841,99601,421
Western9810578235493121,17401,008

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 719 264 620 464 342 170 1,596 761 1,193
Eastern29690264239239103845220683
Central2251332481508342523455327
Western1984110875202522886183

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 862 0 384 734 219 151 1,488 0 953
Eastern23708615856413410334
Central4040206417147538230375
Western22109215916573240244

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2018/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 27 0 21 10 0 3 34 0 38
Eastern10030003016
Central103301705
Western1601570224017

2017 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 5,297 252 2,265 2,035 788 1,494 6,582 895 8,004
Eastern1,434865886934234672,1712442,709
Central2,3121449038402736572,6735513,518
Western1,55122774502923701,7381001,777

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 3,376 0 1,402 902 339 1,088 3,731 0 4,434
Eastern819024120111628384101,050
Central1,46805604111615201,65202,181
Western1,0890601290622851,23801,203

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 979 252 559 547 332 252 1,690 894 1,944
Eastern399862672882461519522431,213
Central3701441971856850500551530
Western2102295741851238100201

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 903 0 294 572 117 147 1,130 0 1,582
Eastern21007820161303700438
Central467014424244875170796
Western22607212912302430348

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2017/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 39 0 10 14 0 7 31 1 44
Eastern602303818
Central7022004011
Western260690419025

2016 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 5,739 292 2,089 1,978 811 1,469 6,347 1,014 9,181
Eastern1,5271225274543724761,8292483,446
Central2,4561348059473316162,6996303,803
Western1,756367575771083771,8191361,932

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 3,462 0 1,240 990 422 1,108 3,760 0 4,796
Eastern720023016614128982601,074
Central1,50004765152175151,72302,366
Western1,2420534309643041,21101,356

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,140 291 607 497 292 210 1,606 1,012 2,542
Eastern5281212522051901417882461,765
Central4201342351657139510630583
Western192361201273130308136194

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,113 0 227 485 97 147 956 1 1,807
Eastern2760388041442031597
Central53009426543624640846
Western30709514013412890364

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2016/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 24 1 15 6 0 4 25 1 36
Eastern31730212110
Central600200208
Western150810211018

2015 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 5,349 190 2,032 2,016 658 1,637 6,343 1,324 9,481
Eastern1,409403763352534701,4342753,718
Central2,3611169881,0802887733,1298173,858
Western1,579346686011173941,7802321,905

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 3,351 0 1,178 1,082 330 1,246 3,836 0 5,095
Eastern645015816410029972101,181
Central1,58205795501616331,92302,589
Western1,1240441368693141,19201,325

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,092 190 626 374 224 227 1,451 1,320 2,701
Eastern596401881181221425702731,994
Central3041162871657453579815487
Western19234151912832302232220

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 881 0 214 551 104 158 1,027 3 1,648
Eastern1600255131291361524
Central471012036353846202778
Western25006913720452710346

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2015/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 25 0 14 9 0 6 29 1 37
Eastern8052007119
Central402203704
Western130750315014

2014 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 5,804 129 1,838 1,857 445 1,582 5,722 1,667 10,131
Eastern1,427173123881635151,3783293,690
Central2,693959359482016652,7491,0364,405
Western1,68417591521814021,5953022,036

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 3,716 0 1,076 1,000 179 1,271 3,526 0 5,579
Eastern72901801805038479401,258
Central1,7760475487915651,61802,928
Western1,2110421333383221,11401,393

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,050 129 593 429 204 166 1,392 1,663 2,717
Eastern525171171671001074913271,914
Central3389537018171296511,034543
Western18717106813330250302260

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,017 0 159 425 62 139 785 3 1,794
Eastern168012401323881500
Central57508628039704752927
Western27406110510462220367

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2014/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 21 0 10 3 0 6 19 1 41
Eastern5031015118
Central404001507
Western12032049016

2013 Appeals by Region

All Appeals Filed

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 5,739 72 1,782 2,022 453 1,413 5,670 2,089 9,627
Eastern1,56212583701183931,1393903,580
Central2,642659229982466802,8461,3444,153
Western1,5356602654893401,6853551,894

Sponsorship appeals filed (subsection 63(1))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 3,440 0 1,061 1,152 220 1,149 3,582 0 5,389
Eastern70801361554629963601,322
Central1,68004935471305681,73802,771
Western1,0520432450442821,20801,296

Removal order appeals filed (subsection 63(2), (3))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 1,308 72 544 393 177 152 1,266 2,087 2,635
Eastern69119715365653803881,820
Central3776532116180596211,344545
Western2406126793228265355270

Residency obligation appeals filed (subsection 63(4))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 965 0 166 472 56 111 805 1 1,564
Eastern152021617281171420
Central579010628936534840829
Western23403912213302040315

Appeals filed by the Minister (subsection 63(5))

 FiledStayedFinalizedPending (as of 2013/12/31)
AllowedDismissedAbandonedWithdrawn & OtherTotalStayed Non-Stayed
National 26 0 11 5 0 1 17 1 39
Eastern11041016118
Central602100308
Western9053008013
​ ​