Responses to Information Requests

​​​​​​​Responses to Information Requests (RIRs) are research reports on country conditions. They are requested by IRB decision-makers.

The database contains a seven-year archive of English and French RIRs. Earlier RIRs may be found on the European Country of Origin Information Network website.

RIR​s published by the IRB on its website may have attachments that are inaccessible due to technical constraints and may include translations of documents originally written in languages other than English or French. To obtain a copy of such attachments and/or translated version of the RIR attachments, please email us.​

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Responses to Information Requests (RIRs) cite publicly accessible information available at the time of publication and within time constraints. A list of references and additional sources consulted are included in each RIR. Sources cited are considered the most current information available as of the date of the RIR.            

RIRs are not, and do not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Rather, they are intended to support the refugee determination process. More information on the methodology used by the Research Directorate can be found here.          

The assessment and weight to be given to the information in the RIRs are the responsibility of independent IRB members (decision-makers) after considering the evidence and arguments presented by the parties.           

The information presented in RIRs solely reflects the views and perspectives of the sources cited and does not necessarily reflect the position of the IRB or the Government of Canada.          

8 December 2020


Nigeria: A print and online copy of the 23 December 2019 edition of the Nigerian Observer; whether all articles that are published in the online edition are also published in the print edition, and vice versa (2019-December 2020)

Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada

Information on the Nigerian Observer, including a print and online copy of the 23 December 2019 edition and whether articles published online are also published in the print edition, could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate within the time constraints of this Response.

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.

Sources Consulted

Oral sources: Bendel Newspapers Company Limited; Canada – Library and Archives Canada; coordinator of newspaper and microform processing at a US-based university; Nigeria – National Library of Nigeria; Ottawa – Ottawa Public Library; UK – The British Library; US – Library of Congress.

Internet sites, including: EU – European Asylum Support Office; European Journalism Centre – Media Landscapes; Factiva; International Newsstream; Internet Archive – Wayback Machine; Issuu; Nigerian Observer; Open Society Foundations; Oxford Business Group; Toronto – Toronto Public Library; Vancouver – Vancouver Public Library.