Refugee appeals statistics

​The Refugee Appeal Division (RAD) decides appeals of decisions of the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) to allow or reject claims for refugee protection. A person whose claim was rejected by the RPD can ask the RAD to review this decision in order to assess whether the RPD was wrong. An error by the RPD can be about the law, the facts, or both. The RAD decides whether to confirm or to change the RPD’s decision. It may also decide to send the case back to the RPD to hear it again, giving the directions to the RPD that it considers appropriate. The Minister can also appeal to the RAD a decision by the RPD allowing a claim.

The RAD generally makes its decisions without a hearing, on the basis of the submissions and the evidence provided by the parties. The person who is the subject of the appeal may also submit new evidence, for example, evidence that did not exist when the RPD made its decision. If the RAD accepts new evidence, it will consider the evidence in its review. It may also order an oral hearing to consider this new evidence.

Statistics

Please note that appeals finalized in a given year may have been filed in a previous year. The following tables include all intake: appeals by the claimant or by the Minister, and appeals that have been returned to the RAD from the Federal Court for re-determination.

2019 January to June Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2019/06/30)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National6,305324122782,2732874393,523​9,348
Eastern2,86613543231,089701471,5074,087
Central2,75416452389741982531,6794,494
Western6852527172101939337767

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2019 January to June

2018 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2018/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 7,256 608 272 159 2,445 421 506 4,412 6,561
Eastern2,4401754241875851391,3572,725
Central4,230385176971,4242913172,6913,412
Western5864854211464550364424

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2018

2017 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2017/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 4,905 414 245 98 1,625 409 346 3,137 3,710
Eastern1,4891464726312115657111,643
Central3,066190167481,2352482552,1431,862
Western350783124784626283205

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2017

2016 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2016/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 3,813 276 156 112 1,618 570 235 2,967 1,938
Eastern1,09576443939114549744859
Central2,42113369621,1643741801,982936
Western29767431163516241143

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2016

2015 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2015/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 2,959 250 148 85 1,606 483 209 2,781 1,092
Eastern97979442555413070902508
Central1,69613558389593021321,624497
Western2843646229351725587

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2015

2014 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2014/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 2,391 258 193 57 1,060 296 71 1,935 914
Eastern8688542183529115603431
Central1,32213312024637163541,131425
Western2014031157142220158

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2014

2013 Appeals by Region

 FiledNon-Merit MeritTotal FinalizationsPending (as of 2013/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD JurisdictionDismissed - Appeal not PerfectedDismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & OtherDismissed - Confirmed RPDAllowed - Referred BackAllowed - Substituted Determination
National 1,146 184 63 27 291 85 38 688 458
Eastern41976167119269253166
Central5918240141415525357234
Western136267631447858

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2013