The IRB's Expedited Policy establishes a process for claims made in Canada by claimants who are nationals of certain countries may be determined to be a Convention refugee or a person in need of protection without a hearing. The expedited process is a method the RPD uses to resolve refugee claims fairly and efficiently.
Security considerations remain paramount in expedited processing. All refugee claimants in Canada must go through security screening, including those considered under this process. Security screening is conducted by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) in partnership with the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. Claims for which security screening confirmation has not yet been received cannot be considered for expedited processing at the RPD.
Further, a representative of the Minister retains the right to intervene and introduce evidence and question the claimant on any refugee claim. If the Minister’s representative has signaled his or her intention to intervene, the claim cannot be considered for expedited processing at the RPD.
Even if security screening confirmation has been received at the RPD, and a representative of the Minister will not intervene, not all claims from designated countries will be suitable for expedited processing. If, after reviewing the file, the member determines that it is not appropriate to make a positive decision based on the evidence in the file, the claim will proceed to a hearing.
Only certain claims from specific countries are eligible for the expedited process
In order for a claim to be considered under the expedited process, it must be from a country that is designated under the Policy on the Expedited Processing of Refugee Claims by the Refugee Protection. Country designation is based on whether or not claims from the country are appropriate for consideration without a hearing, and may include such factors as:
- the recent acceptance rate for claims from the country;
- the fact that claims from the country do not generally involve complex issues; and
- the volume of cases heard by the RPD involving the country.
Countries that are eligible for the expedited process (as of January 1, 2018)
The expedited process only applies to claims made in Canada
The RPD only decides refugee claims that are made in Canada. If you are outside of Canada, the RPD does not decide your claim. Please see Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for more information on refugee protection outside Canada.
Potential claimants in Canada must first speak to a CBSA officer at an official port of entry upon arrival, or to an officer from IRCC or CBSA at an inland office. The officer then decides whether the claim is eligible. If eligible, it is then sent to the RPD to start the claim for refugee protection process.